Ulysses S. Grant
Born in Ohio in 1822, he was graduated from West Point in 1843. He served in the Mexican War and the Pacific Northwest. He resigned from the army in 1854 and tried several unsuccessful businesses. He was unable to gain a command until June 17, 1861 when appointed colonel of the 21st Illinois. In February, 1862 he led the attacks on Forts Henry and Donelson, where he gained the nickname "Unconditional Surrender." U.S. Grant commanded at Shiloh, and led two attempts to take Vicksburg, the second one in July, 1863 being successful. In November, victory at Chattanooga led to his appointment as lieutenant general and commander of all the Union armies. His campaign against Richmond in 1864 led to heavy losses on the Union side, but succeded in driving Robert E. Lee back into the defenses of Petersburg, Virginia. The eventual breakthrough of the Confederate line led to Lee's retreat to and surrender at Appomattox on April 9, 1865. After the war Grant served two terms as President of the United States. He died on July 23, 1885 and was buried in New York City.
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Jul 13, 2005