Hood was born in Owinsville, Kentucky, June 1, 1831 and graduated from West Point in 1853. When the war began, he quickly advanced in rank in the Confederate Army. As a division commander under General Longstreet, he distinguished himself at Antietam and Fredericksburg. He was wounded in the arm at Gettysburg, and lost a leg at Chickamauga. In July, 1864 he took over command of the Army of Tennessee from Joseph Johnston. Following defeats by Sherman, Hood marched his army into Tennessee, until his army was shattered by General Thomas at Nashville. He was relieved from command at his own request, and finished the war as a lieutenant general. He died in New Orleans in 1879.
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Jul 13, 2005