John SchofieldSchofiled was born in New York in 1831, moved to Illinois, and later graduated from West Point in 1853. Prior to the war he taught physics at Washington University in St. Louis. He served under Nathaniel Lyon at Wilson's Creek in Missouri. The first three years of the war were spent in the West commanding the Union Army of the Frontier and later the Department of the Missouri. In 1864, Schofield, with the XXIII Corps opposed and stopped John B. Hood's invasion of Tennessee. He finished the war with Sherman in North Carolina. In 1868, Schofield served as Secretary of War, but resigned when U.S. Grant became President. Following this he returned to the army as major general. He recommended the acquisition of Pearl Harbor as a naval base, was superintendent of the Military Academy and became commander of the army following the death of Philip Sheridan in 1888. He died in 1906 and is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Source: "Generals in Blue" Warner, Ezra J.
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Jul 13, 2005