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William Sherman

Sherman was born in 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. Following the death of his father William he was raised by United States Senator Thomas Ewing. Ewing secured an appointment for Sherman at West Point where he graduated sixth in the class of 1840. In 1853, Sherman left the army. He returned in 1861 as colonel of the 13th U.S. Infantry. He commanded a brigade at First Manassas, and as a result was appointed brigadier general. At Shiloh, his division was surprised and overrun by the Confederates, but following the Union victory Sherman was made major general. He fought at Vicksburg and Chattanooga before U.S. Grant's promotion to chief of the Union armies. When Grant went east, Sherman assumed command of the western theater. Sherman bested Joseph Johnston and John B. Hood in capturing Atlanta, prior to his famous "March to the Sea" capturing Savannah. Sherman ended the war by causing Joseph Johnston to surrender his army in North Carolina. When Grant became President, Sherman became commander-in-chief of the army until 1884. He died in 1891 in New York City.
Source: "Generals in Blue" Warner, Ezra J.

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Jul 13, 2005