Oliver Otis Howard
Howard was from Leeds, Maine, and graduated from West Point in 1850. Prior to the war he was an assistant professor of mathmatics at West Point. Perhaps no other officer equaled Howard's success in the Civil War of achieving promotion despite errors in battle. At First Manassas he was promoted to brigadier general after his brigade had been routed. He lost his right arm at the battle of Seven Pines. At Chancellorsvile, while commanding the XI Corps on Hooker's right flank, Howard neglected to protect his flank which was attacked and routed by "Stonewall" Jackson. Following Gettysburg, Howard went west to Chattanooga and in 1864 became commander of the Army of Tennessee. After the war he helped in several efforts to aid African-Americans and helped found Howard University in Washington, D.C. He died in 1909 in Burlington, Vermont.
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Jul 13, 2005